Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you can find a little selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no regards to their element’s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so here’s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.

Sodium – Natrium (Na)

Sodium’s Latin name, ‘natrium’, derives through the Greek ‘nítron’ (a true title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will be the work ‘natrun’ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium rather than salt, also it’s this title that its chemical expression, Na, originates from.

Potassium – Kalium (K)

‘Kalium’ is potassium’s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic ‘al qal ī y’, meaning “calcined ashes” (the ashes remaining whenever plant material is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.

Iron – Ferrum (Fe)

Iron’s Latin name, ‘ferrum’, offers it its sign Fe; it simply means ‘iron’ or ‘sword’, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is famous by an array of different names in numerous languages, with some sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. There’s an inventory of 213 of these right right here.

Copper – Cuprum (Cu)

There’s no shortage of elements called after places, but copper’s title is more slight than many. Copper’s Latin title had been ‘cyprium’, which itself arises from ‘kypros’, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus had been centuries that are famous for the copper reserves. The name ended up being fundamentally simplified to ‘cuprum’, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.

Silver – Argentum (Ag)

The Latin title for silver, ‘argentum’, is thought to derive initially from A indo-european language, likely referring into the metal’s shininess. The nation Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the Río de la Plata) and it is the only nation to be called after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.

Tin – Stannum (Sn)

Tin’s Latin title, ‘stannum’, might be produced from the Indo-European ‘stag’ (dripping) because tin melts at a minimal heat. There’s also speculation maybe it’s produced by the Cornish ‘stean’ as a result of Cornwall’s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is just produced from the Latin.

Antimony – Stibium (Sb)

The Latin ‘stibium’ derives through the Greek word ‘stíbi’, meaning attention paint, discussing making use of antimony substances being an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its icon.

Tungsten – Wolfram (W)

Wolfram ended up being known as following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. It is from the German ‘wolf rahm’, or ‘wolf’s foam’, talking about the actual quantity of tin ‘eaten’ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock – significantly apt, since it’s the 7th densest element within the regular dining dining dining table.

Silver – Aurum (Au)

The Latin title for gold was ‘aurum’, meaning ‘yellow’, derived through the word ‘aurora’ (‘dawn’). The name ‘gold’, used in Germanic languages, means ‘yellow, shining metal’; other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.

Mercury – Hydrargyrum (Hg)

Mercury’s initial Latin title was actually ‘argentum vivum’ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek ‘hydrargyros’ (fluid silver) to offer ‘hydrargyrum’. The English that is original name the element ended up being ‘quicksilver’. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and as a result of this they known as it Mercury, following the planet closest towards the Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity got names corresponding to your planets, too, but Mercury’s is alone that’s stuck.

Lead – Plumbum

Lead’s Latin title, ‘plumbum’, likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation of this English words ‘plumbing’ and ‘plumber’, because of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.

References & Further Reading

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