Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you can find a little selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no regards to their elementвЂ™s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so hereвЂ™s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a true title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will be the work вЂnatrunвЂ™ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium rather than salt, also itвЂ™s this title that its chemical expression, Na, originates from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes remaining whenever plant material is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin name, вЂferrumвЂ™, offers it its sign Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂ™ or вЂswordвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is famous by an array of different names in numerous languages, with some sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements called after places, but copperвЂ™s title is more slight than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which itself arises from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus had been centuries that are famous for the copper reserves. The name ended up being fundamentally simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is thought to derive initially from A indo-european language, likely referring into the metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the only nation to be called after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, might be produced from the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a minimal heat. ThereвЂ™s also speculation maybe it’s produced by the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ as a result of CornwallвЂ™s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is just produced from the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, discussing making use of antimony substances being an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its icon.
Tungsten вЂ“ Wolfram (W)
Wolfram ended up being known as following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. It is from the German вЂwolf rahmвЂ™, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the actual quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ significantly apt, since itвЂ™s the 7th densest element within the regular dining dining dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold was вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to offer вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and as a result of this they known as it Mercury, following the planet closest towards the Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity got names corresponding to your planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is alone thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation of this English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, because of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading